Care Economies in Context

February Newsletter: Focus on Senegal

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February Newsletter
Care Economies in Context is a major, multinational research project that seeks to measure the care economies and understand the workings of the care infrastructure in nine countries in four different global regions. The project team consists of academics, members of the policy community and NGO’s interested in promoting just care systems around the world. We study both paid and unpaid care, focusing specifically on childcare and care for the elderly. This monthly newsletter provides research updates and announcements of interest to project members and others interested in the care economy. Each issue focuses on a specific country.

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In this newsletter, you’ll find:  

Country Profile: Care Economy in Senegal

The Senegalese care sector is mainly characterized by education and health. Initiatives and policies like the 2008 “SESAME Plan,” the 2017 National Policy for Healthy Ageing, gratuity of healthcare for children under 5 years of age, and the “Education for All” programs all exemplify this focus. These are all excellent initiatives, but in a country with more than twice the global fertility rate – Senegal sits at 4.7% compared to the global average of 2.3% – the Senegal care sector lacks significant early childcare infrastructure. Read more

Senegal Care Economies in Context Team Biography

The Care Economies in Context Senegal team works out of the Regional Consortium for Research in Generational Economics (CREG), a research center focusing on generational economics in varied socio-economic contexts across numerous African countries. The team is lead by Latif Dramani. To read more about the Senegal team researchers, click here.
Care Economy in Context: An interview with the Senegal Team
In an interview, the Care Economies in Context project team in Senegal answers questions addressing the work they have done on the project, the major issues they see facing Senegal’s care economy, and the kinds of change they would like to see. They also describe the barriers that exist, and the hopes they have for economic modeling.
To read the interview, click here

Research Findings

This time-use study done in 2021 details the gendered division of unpaid and paid work in Senegalese households. One key finding from the study shows that while men spent an average of 4.2 hours a day doing paid work and 2 hours a day doing unpaid work, women experience a reverse in this ratio. Women spend only 1.9 hours a day doing paid work compared to 5 hours spent on unpaid work. The study goes on to further explore the gendered division of labour revealed by the time-use survey.
To read, click here

Developments within Senegal’s Care Sector

Innovative solutions to recognize, reduce, and redistribute the unpaid care work of rural women in Senegal

Globally, women perform over 75 % of unpaid care work. This limits the time that they can invest in income-generating activities, and therefore their opportunities for economic empowerment.
Recognizing, reducing and redistributing unpaid care and domestic work through a more equitable distribution of responsibilities within the household and in communities, the provision of appropriate public services, and the establishment of social protection policies and infrastructure is critical to facilitates women’s contributions to the national economy and to achieve the 2030 Agenda. Read more.

Policy implications of work on long term care in Senegal

The aging of world populations is a reality, and the number of people aged 60 and over continues to increase. According to the United Nations, the population of people aged 60 and over worldwide will reach 2 billion by 2050. 80% of this group is expected to be living in low-income countries. In Senegal, older persons represent about 6% of the general population. According to a 2006 forecast by the ministry of health and medical prevention, this proportion is expected to increase to 9% in 2028 and further to 17% in 2050. Read more

Integrating unpaid care needs in local development plans in Senegal

In Senegal, women devote daily, on average, 4 hours and 9 minutes to housework and childcare, compared to 30 minutes for men. More than two-thirds of working Senegalese women are concentrated in the agricultural sector in rural regions, where access to regular basic services such as energy, water, and sanitation is limited and where productive and reproductive activities overlap and compound women’s time poverty. Read more.
News and Announcements
2023 Newsletters
The newsletters from 2023 focused on Care Economies in Context in Canada, Mongolia, Columbia, South Korea, and Sri Lanka. To view these newsletters, follow these links:
February Newsletter: Focus on Canada
March Newsletter: Focus on Mongolia
April Newsletter: Focus on Columbia
June Newsletter: Focus on South Korea
July Newsletter: Focus on Sri Lanka
The Centre for Global Social Policy is a research, teaching, and training centre within the University of Toronto’s Department of Sociology.

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Department of Sociology University of Toronto 700 University Ave. Room #17106, 17th Floor, Ontario Power Building, Toronto, ON, M5G 1Z5

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