Care Economies in Context


April Newsletter: Focus on Colombia

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April Newsletter
Care Economies in Context is a major, multinational research project that seeks to measure the care economies and understand the workings of the care infrastructure in nine countries in four different global regions. The project team consists of academics, members of the policy community and NGO’s interested in promoting just care systems around the world. We study both paid and unpaid care, focusing specifically on childcare and care for the elderly. This monthly newsletter provides research updates and announcements of interest to project members and others interested in the care economy. Each issue focuses on a specific country.

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In this newsletter, you’ll find:  

Country Profile: Care Economy in Colombia

In Colombia, the majority of care provision occurs in the family, with women undertaking most of the care work.  Despite significant progress towards achieving gender equality in education and in the labour market, women’s labour force participation rates continue to hover around 60%. Of those women outside the labour force, 36% explained they were not working because they needed to take care of a family member. Read more
Particpation in Paid and Unpaid Work in Colombia 
Source: Own elaboration (Natalia and Ana Maria) based on data from the ENUT 2021-2022. ​

Colombia Care Economies in Context Team Biography

The Care Economies Colombia team is made up of university professors, students, and members of the policy sector. To view the biographies, click here
Natalia Ramírez Bustamante and the Study of Care Economy 


In a video, Natalia Ramírez Bustamante, an associate professor at the Law School of the Universidad de los Ande co-lead of the Colombia’s Care Economies in Context project describes what drew her to study the care economy.
Care Economy in Context: An interview with Natalia Ramírez Bustamante and Ana María Tribín
In an interview, Natalia Ramírez Bustamante and Ana María Tribín of Colombia Care Economies in Context project answer questions addressing the work they have done on the project, the major issues they see facing Colombia’s care economy, and the kinds of change they would like to see. They also discuss the barriers that exist and the hopes they have for economic modeling.
Full interview

Care Economies in Context: Research Findings by the Colombia Team

Our project developed various academic reports from a multidisciplinary perspective in order to contribute to the public debate for the design of policies that prioritize investment in care services and promote gender equity in Colombia. Within the framework of this project, seven qualitative reports were developed with the aim of identifying the meaning that people give to care work, identifying feelings, desires and beliefs around this activity and understanding the implications that carrying out care activities has for the personal and professional life of caregivers.
Read More
Colombia’s Labor Market Participation 
Source: Own elaboration based on data from the GEIH 2022*. ​
*Note: The data for 2022 is provisional, and only reflects the measurements for the months January-March.​

Developments within Colombia’s Care Sector

Colombia Economic Snapshot

Colombia’s economy has recovered remarkably well from the COVID-19 crisis, and strong fiscal and monetary policy support have averted a stronger contraction of incomes. Solid macroeconomic policy frameworks are laying the grounds for a continuous recovery of domestic demand, although the sustainability of fiscal accounts will require further action. Read more

A Lack of Comprehensive Care Policies in Colombia Perpetuates Inequities  

Despite notable progress in the development of a publicly funded care system, most care in Colombia is still provided by unpaid family members or informal low-paid domestic workers, a pattern that perpetuates gendered, racialized, and class-based inequities . Read more

Care economy: an opportunity to create jobs & close the gender gap

The results of the potential volume of this sector in the Colombian economy are surprising. Ten years after the first measurement, the 2020 technical bulletin revealed that the care economy would equal around 20% of Colombian GDP, which in 2014 surpassed 380 billion dollars. Read more

World Bank: Colombia Overview

Colombia has a track record of prudent macroeconomic and fiscal management, anchored on an inflation targeting regime, a flexible exchange rate, and a rule-based fiscal framework, which enabled the economy to grow uninterrupted since 2000 and provided policy space to respond to the COVID-19 crisis. Read more

Early childhood education and care in Colombia

Colombia has made important strides in developing and expanding early childhood education and care (ECEC) in recent years, in particular for vulnerable and disadvantaged families. Read more


Prospects for Gender-Sensitive Macreconomic Modeling for Policy Analysis in colombia: Integrating the Care Economy

This paper provides an overview of what is known about the paid and unpaid care economy in Colombia and proposes the development of specific information that would facilitate the development of a gender-sensitive macroeconomic model, focused on the care economy, suitable for policy analysis in Colombia. Read more

Health care in Colombia

In Colombia, between 1990 and 2015, the population grew by 40.7% and its structure became regressive and older. In 2015 it reached 48,747,708 inhabitants, 79% of whom lived in urban areas. Life expectancy at birth is 74.4 years. Read more

Health care for older persons in Colombia: a country profile

This article reviews the particular characteristics of the elderly population in Colombia, especially the significant changes that have happened in recent years, when social instability and conflict have determined that health resources be redirected to other budget priorities such as defense and security. Read more
Country Report: Colombia
The Centre for Global Social Policy hosted researchers involved in the Care Economies in Context project on September 21–23, 2022, at the Department of Sociology of the University of Toronto. Here is a link to a presentation outlining current knowledge about the care economies in Colombia. 
View Report
News and Announcements
March Newsletter 
The March newsletter focused on Care Economies in Context in Mongolia. To view the newsletter, click here.
February Newsletter 
The February newsletter focused on Care Economies in Context in Canada. To view the newsletter, click here.
The Centre for Global Social Policy is a research, teaching, and training centre within the University of Toronto’s Department of Sociology.

Our mailing address:
Department of Sociology University of Toronto 725 Spadina Ave. Room #256/8 Toronto, ON, M5S 2J4

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