Care Economies in Context


June Newsletter: Focus on South Korea

View this email in your browser
June Newsletter
Care Economies in Context is a major, multinational research project that seeks to measure the care economies and understand the workings of the care infrastructure in nine countries in four different global regions. The project team consists of academics, members of the policy community and NGO’s interested in promoting just care systems around the world. We study both paid and unpaid care, focusing specifically on childcare and care for the elderly. This monthly newsletter provides research updates and announcements of interest to project members and others interested in the care economy. Each issue focuses on a specific country.

Email announcements you would like included in future newsletters to Click here to subscribe to receive this newsletter. Please feel free to forward this newsletter and/or subscription details to others within your networks.
In this newsletter, you’ll find:  

Country Profile: Care Economy in South Korea

Koreas care economy has undergone significant transformations in recent decades.
The care diamond, itself, has shifted from one where the family sector dominated to one with greater involvement from the government and society. In 2002, the percentage of Koreans who believed caregiving was solely the responsibility of the family 71%; in 2018, that percentage had dropped to 27. Read more

South Korea Care Economies in Context Team Biography

The Care Economies in Context South Korea team is made up of researchers and students, with extensive links with the policy sector and field activists.To view the biographies, click here
Ki-Soo Eun and the Study of Care Economy 
In a video, Ki-Soo Eun, professor of Sociology and Demography at the Graduate School of International Studies, Seoul National University and the country lead of South Korea’s Care Economies in Context project, describes what drew him to study the care economy.
Care Economy in Context: An interview with South Korea Team
In an interview, the Care Economies in Context project team in South Korea answer questions addressing the work they have done on the project, the major issues they see facing South Korea’s care economy, and the kinds of change they would like to see. They also discuss the barriers that exist and the hopes they have for economic modeling.
To read the interview, click here

Conferences and Events

Aging Societies and Care Economy: Gender, Transnational Migration, and Development

On November 16th and 17th 2022, the Center for Transnational Migration and Social Inclusion (CTMS) hosted the 2022 International Care Conference at Seoul National University’s Gwanak Campus. Prominent domestic and foreign experts were invited to exchange various opinions on ways to build a caring society and a sustainable care economy from the perspectives of gender, transnational migration, and development. For more information, click here

For conference report, click here

For video recordings of the talks on the care economy (with subtitles), click here

The Care Economy in Korea: Beyond COVID-19 and Towards a Sustainable Caring Society

On June 2nd-4th, the 2021 International Care Policy Conference [“The Care Economy in Korea: Beyond COVID-19 and Towards a Sustainable Caring Society”] was hosted by the Center for Transnational Migration and Social Inclusion (CTMS) of Seoul National University, with the support of Open Society Foundations, Care Work and the Economy from American University and The Population Association of Korea in Seoul, South Korea. For more information, click here. 

For conference report, click here

For video recordings of the talks on the care economy (with subtitles), click here

Developments within Korea’s Care Sector

South Korea: Social Policies

With efforts to expand the welfare state having had little immediate effect, South Korea’s social policies fall into the middle ranks (rank 22) in international comparison. Its score on this measure has improved by 0.3 points since 2014. Paternal leave, child support benefits and childcare availability have been expanded; nonetheless, there are numerous disincentives to women entering the workforce, and birth rates are extremely low. Read more

The Political and Social Economy of Care: Republic of Korea Research Report

The institutional arrangements making up the care diamond in Korea have changed quite noticeably since the 1990s in response to the country’s evolving political, economic, and social contexts. Using the case of family-work harmonization policy reforms . Read more

The Cost of Caregiving to Caregivers of South Korea

Conventionally, caregiving is considered a household activity that relates to parents raising their infant and young children and adult children taking care of their older parents. Care is broadly categorized into eldercare and childcare but may also include household chores such as cleaning and cooking. There is a dependency between the caregiver and care-receiver, involving both a financial and time cost to the caregiver. Read more

Social and Solidarity Economy and Socio-economic Development 

The socio-economic development model adopted by South Korea with some success for about thirty years (1965-1997) has enabled this country, among one of the poorest country on the planet at the end of the 1950s, to enter OECD in 1996 and be part of the major world economic powers today. In the course of this development, the social economy was continuously smothered in favour of family, market and State that occupied most of the groundRead more

Improving Korea’s Long-Term Care for the Elderly 

Elderly care in Korea has traditionally been a family responsibility. A 2006 government survey reported that 67.3% of Koreans believed that caring for older parents is a family responsibility, but that view was held by only 32.6% in 2016. The shift was likely accelerated by the introduction of universal long-term care insurance (LTCI) in 2008. Korea was the second Asian country after Japan to introduce a social insurance system that provided comprehensive universal long-term care coverage for the elderly. Read more

The Progression of South Korea’s Childcare Model

South Korea’s childcare model started developing when the Child Welfare Act (the Act) was first introduced in 1962. The Child Welfare Act initiated a structured system-level approach to the childcare sector. The Act was still grounded in the notion that families are solely responsible for childrearing unless the children have special needs, in which case government support and protection is warranted. The 1962 law shows clearly that the South Korean government envisioned childcare as a family responsibility, rather than a social policy, which is in accordance with other countries yet to introduce a social welfare system. Read more

Beyond Data: Child Care in South Korea

Working mothers in South Korea are in a battle to balance family and professional life. One of the largest barriers to achieving this balance is inflexibility in the workplace with newborn infants coupled with inconsistencies in childcare.. Read more

A Profile of Health Care in South Korea

South Korea is one of the many countries in the world that provides universal health care for its citizens. This universal health care is both a source of relief and national pride for many South Koreans. This pride is further amplified by the fact that modern health care in South Korea rose out of the devastation of the Korean War. With the recent COVID-19 global pandemic, South Koreans rely, now more than ever, on their health care system. Read more
Country Report: South Korea
The Centre for Global Social Policy hosted researchers involved in the Care Economies in Context project on September 21–23, 2022, at the Department of Sociology of the University of Toronto. Here is a link to a presentation outlining current knowledge about the care economies in South Korea. 
To view report, click here
News and Announcements

The Banting Postdoctoral Fellowship is a prestigious award that is available to both Canadian citizens and foreign nationals. Providing $70,000 per year for two years, the Banting program aims to “attract and retain top-tier postdoctoral talent, both nationally and internationally; develop their leadership potential; and position them for success as research leaders of tomorrow.” We encourage recent PhD graduates interested in pursuing a postdoctoral fellowship at the Centre for Global Social Policy to consider applying for The Banting Postdoctoral Fellowship. For more information, click here

April Newsletter 
The March newsletter focused on Care Economies in Context in Colombia. To view the newsletter, click here.
March Newsletter 
The March newsletter focused on Care Economies in Context in Mongolia. To view the newsletter, click here.
February Newsletter 
The February newsletter focused on Care Economies in Context in Canada. To view the newsletter, click here.
The Centre for Global Social Policy is a research, teaching, and training centre within the University of Toronto’s Department of Sociology.

Our mailing address:
Department of Sociology University of Toronto 725 Spadina Ave. Room #256/8 Toronto, ON, M5S 2J4

Want to change how you receive these emails?
You can update your preferences or unsubscribe from this list.

This email was sent to *|EMAIL|*
why did I get this?    unsubscribe from this list    update subscription preferences

Related Profiles