Refereed publications

5 clear language summaries of findings from the first stage of the Toronto and Los Angeles case studies organized around the theme “Flexibility or Security”:

  • Cranford, Cynthia. (2013). “Towards Flexibility with Security: A Comparative Analysis of Personal Home Care Services.” Presentation at the Service Employees International Union, Local 1 Leadership Conference. Toronto, Ontario. Winter.

In Progress

  • Cranford, Cynthia, Angela Hick and Louise Birdsell-Bauer. “The Dimensions of Social Unionism for Personal Care Workers.” Under Review.
  • Cranford, Cynthia and Jennifer Jihye Chun. Forthcoming. “Immigrant Women and Home-based Elder Care in Oakland, California’s Chinatown.” In Gender, Migration and the Work of Care: A Multi-Scalar Approach to the Pacific Rim, edited by Sonya Michel and Ito Peng. Palgrave.
  • Cranford, Cynthia. Flexibility Care, Secure Work: Intimate Labor in Los Angeles and Toronto. Book Manuscript.
  • Chun, Jennifer Jihye and Cynthia Cranford. Forthcoming. “Becoming Homecare Workers: Chinese Immigrant Women in California’s Oakland Chinatown.” Care in Transition: The Global Migration of Gendered Care Work, edited by Jennifer Chun, Heidi Gottfried and Ito Peng.
  • Chun, Jennifer Jihye and Yang-Sook Kim, “Organizing Domestic Workers in South Korea: Feminist and ethnic entanglements with nationalism and neoliberalism”
  • Kim, Yang-sook. “The Micro Politics of Care: A Comparative Study of Co-ethnic and Local Women Workers in the Domestic and Long-term Care Market of South Korea. To be presented at the International Sociological Meetings in July.
  • The Global Migration of Gendered Care Work, proposed edited book volume with Heidi Gottfried, Ito Peng and Jennifer Chun (in preparation).
View Project


Cynthia Cranford


  • Young Shin
  • Jennifer Chun


  • Service Employees International Union (SEIU) healthcare
  • Asian Immigrant Women Advocates (AIWA)

Other collaborating organizations

  • Filipino American Services Group Inc. (FASGI) in Los Angeles
  • Pilipino Workers Center (PWC) in Los Angeles
  • Service Employees International Union (Local 2015) in Los Angeles

Students and post-docs

  • Jennifer Nazareno
  • Valerie Damasco
  • Conely de Leon
  • Loiuse Birdsell-Bauer
  • Chi Cheng Wat
  • Angela Hick
  • Michael Lee
  • Justin Kong
  • Yang-sook Kim